Volkswagen just published results of a certified life cycle assessment of the Volkswagen Golf, a model they offer as both an ICE and an EV. They found that the EV variant offers a higher CO2-saving potential in all phases of the product cycle.

The Golf TDI emits 140g CO2/km compared to the e-Golf which only emits 119g CO2/km. This was based on current technologies, but they further point out that as manufacturing processes for EVs rapidly improve, and as electrical grids move to renewable energy sources, EVs will see significant reductions in emissions and further pull ahead from their ICE counterparts.